Learn More About Aphasia & Home Health Care Speech Therapy ServicesPosted by Christopher Zayid on Thursday, May 22nd, 2014 at 6:05pm.
According to the National Aphasia Association, aphasia is defined as an impairment of language which affects the production or comprehension of speech and the ability to read or write. Aphasia is a result of injury to the brain, which is most commonly from a stroke, although it may also develop from head trauma, brain tumors, or infections. Aphasia can range from being mild to so severe where it is almost impossible for the patient to communicate. If it is a mild case, it will primarily affect a single part of language like forming sentences or the ability to read, although it is more common for multiple features of communication to be damaged.
There are many different types of aphasia that generally depend on the location of the brain damage. The most severe type of aphasia is global aphasia. This is when the patient can speak very few recognizable words and can comprehend little to no spoken language. They also cannot read or write. Another form of aphasia is Broca's or non-fluent aphasia. This is when the patients speech output is severely limited to about 4 words. The patient may be able to read and understand speech, but most likely has a difficult time writing. Similar to non-fluent aphasia is mixed non-fluent aphasia. This applies to patients who are able to have some speech, but cannot comprehend very well and they do not read or write above an elementary school level. The next form is Wernicke's or fluent aphasia. With this form of aphasia, patients have the capability of putting sentences together, although they may not always be clear. They have trouble understanding the meaning of spoken words and their reading and writing skills are often weakened. An additional form of aphasia is anomic aphasia. With this form patients are usually able to speak, they just have difficulty finding and using the correct nouns and/or verbs. This disability also shows up in their writing. They can typically read and understand speech. The list above is the most common types of aphasia, but there can be also be a combination of symptoms that do not always fit into these specific categories.
A speech therapist should be considered as a treatment option for aphasia patients. Affinity home care agency provides in home speech therapy. A speech therapist can provide treatment for speech, hearing and language communication, assist with clearing of confusion & dementia, assist with cognitive functioning and loss of handwriting abilities as well as swallowing and nutritional needs. There are two different categories of therapies for aphasia- Impairment based and communication based. Impairment based therapies are designed to improve language functions. The therapists work with the patients to develop specific listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Communication based therapies, also called consequence based, are designed to improve the patients communication by giving them exercises that contain real life communicative challenges. It is common for both of these therapies to be used depending on the severity of the aphasia.
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